Leet (or “1337”), also known as eleet or leetspeak, is an alternative alphabet for the English language that is used primarily on the Internet. It uses various combinations of ASCII characters to replace Latinate letters. For example, leet spellings of the word leetinclude 1337 and l33t; eleet may be spelled 31337 or 3l33t.
The term leet is derived from the word elite. The leet alphabet is a specialized form of symbolic writing. Leet may also be considered a substitution cipher, although many dialects or linguistic varieties exist in different online communities. The term leet is also used as an adjective to describe formidable prowess or accomplishment, especially in the fields of online gaming and in its original usage – computer hacking.
Leet originated within bulletin board systems (BBS) in the 1980s, where having “elite” status on a BBS allowed a user access to file folders, games, and special chat rooms. One theory is that it was developed to defeat text filters created by BBS or Internet Relay Chat system operators for message boards to discourage the discussion of forbidden topics, like cracking and hacking. Creative misspellings and ASCII-art-derived words were also a way to attempt to indicate one was knowledgeable about the culture of computer users. Once the reserve of hackers, crackers, and script kiddies, leet has since entered the mainstream. It is now also used to mock newbies, or newcomers, on web sites, or in gaming communities. Some consider emoticons and ASCII art, like smiley faces, to be leet, while others maintain that leet consists of only symbolic word encryption. More obscure forms of leet, involving the use of symbol combinations and almost no letters or numbers, continue to be used for its original purpose of encrypted communication. It is also sometimes used as a script language. Variants of leet have been used for censorship purposes for many years; for instance “@$$” (ass) and “$#!+” (shit) are frequently seen to make a word appear censored to the untrained eye but obvious to a person familiar with leet.
Leet symbols, especially the number 1337, are Internet memes that have spilled over into popular culture. Signs that show the numbers “1337” are popular motifs for pictures and shared widely across the Internet.
Fletcher Street Urban Riding Club
The Fletcher Street Urban Riding Club is an inner-city horsemanship program in north Philadelphia.
In this informal community program, local horsemen teach neighborhood youth to ride and care for horses while encouraging academic excellence and providing positive ways to spend their leisure time outdoors. The nonprofit program is part of a century-long tradition of black urban cowboys and horsemanship in the city.
The shortest international bridge
There is a bridge going between two islands - the larger island is apparently in Ontario, Canada, while the smaller one (with the cross on it) is in New York, USA. There is a Canadian flag on one side of the bridge and an American flag on the other side.
Freelance San Francisco-based photographer Dave Glass documented the urban renewal effort in San Francisco’s area of Western Addition that, in the second half of the 1970’s, involved the relocation of many 19th century victorian buildings to their new permanent locations. A relocated house could be purchased from the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency for $1 (one dollar) plus relocation and restoration costs.
One Day in the City
Dave Forshtay stars as Prince Bleecker MacDougal. Hells Kitchen Films 1981.
Adolfo Bimer (1985) is a Chilean Artist, his most recent work in painting wanders between the discipline of the portrait and a development in new techniques of direct interaction of painting materials, that causes chemical reactions which are used in both metaphorically and visual terms to represent the human body.